Astronomers looking deep into the furthest reaches of the known universe have found yet another galaxy, only this time it holds the title as the furthest galaxy from our own, the Milky Way. When the big bang occurred, the ultimate moment in the creation of everything we have come to know happened and finding these new galaxies can help assist scientists who look to figure out the chain of events that occurred after the big bang first happened. This new galaxy has been located just at 30 billion light years away, so since it’s so far from planet Earth and it takes light that long to travel here, the light we are looking at is really an image of that galaxy as it was 13.1 billion years ago,
"This is the most distant galaxy we've confirmed. We are seeing this galaxy as it was 700 million years after the Big Bang." Steven Finkelstein said, who is the lead researcher at the University of Texas in Austin, US. While the universe is still expanding, the light rays are stretched out, causing them to appear with a more reddish color. The new found galaxy was given the name z8_GND_5296, so it’s probably the best theory in never asking an astronomer for baby names.
The Hubble telescope was used to spot the furthest galaxy, but then soon after in Hawaii it was also confirmed with the Keck Observatory. "One very interesting way to learn about the Universe is to study these outliers and that tells us something about what sort of physical processes are dominating galaxy formation and galaxy evolution.” Professor Finkelstein said.
In the near future Nasa is going to launch the ‘James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)’ and give researchers a higher probability of finding more galaxies that are further away from our own. These new findings can help scientists understand how those galaxy are creating so many stars and developing them as such a high velocity in comparison to our own.